Surrogacy Law in India
Surrogacy is the process by which a woman carries and gives birth to a child for another person or couple. In India, surrogacy is governed by the Surrogacy (Regulation) Bill, 2019, which was passed by the Indian Parliament in 2019. The law regulates surrogacy in India and provides for the establishment of a National Surrogacy Board, State Surrogacy Boards, and appropriate authorities to regulate surrogacy in the country. The law bans commercial surrogacy, but allows altruistic surrogacy for infertile Indian couples, where the surrogate mother is not paid more than medical expenses. Foreigners, single parents, and homosexual couples are not allowed to access surrogacy services in India under the new law.
Judgements related to surrogacy in India

There have been a few notable judgements related to surrogacy in India. One of the most significant is the judgement in the case of Baby Manji Yamada vs Union of India (2015), in which the Delhi High Court held that the child born through surrogacy has the right to be recognized as the legitimate child of the intended parents and ordered the Indian government to issue a passport to the child in the name of the intended parents.

Another important judgement is the case of Jan Balaz vs Union of India (2018), in which the Supreme Court of India held that surrogacy agreements are not legally enforceable in India, and that the surrogate mother has the right to keep the child if she so chooses.

In 2020, the Indian supreme court had also passed a judgement in case of surrogacy related to Indian citizen, where the court denied the plea of a couple to bring the child born to surrogate mother in USA, as the law in India does not recognize commercial surrogacy and the surrogacy agreement was also not valid under Indian law.

In general, the Indian legal system recognizes the rights of the surrogate mother and the intended parents, but also aims to regulate surrogacy to ensure that it is not used for commercial or exploitative purposes.