The Madras High Court is a high court located in Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India. It was established in 1862 and is one of the oldest high courts in India. The court has jurisdiction over the state of Tamil Nadu and the Union Territory of Puducherry. The Madras High Court consists of a Chief Justice and several other judges.
Seervai vs Union of India (1972): The court ruled that the fundamental rights guaranteed by the Constitution of India are supreme and cannot be overridden by parliamentary laws.
K. S. Puttaswamy vs Union of India (2017): The court upheld the right to privacy as a fundamental right under the Indian Constitution.
State of Tamil Nadu vs K. A. Krishnaswamy (1968): The court declared that the police have no power to detain a person for more than 24 hours without producing them before a Magistrate.
T. N. Godavarman Thirumulpad vs Union of India (1997): The court issued orders to prevent deforestation and preserve the forest cover in the country.
Common Cause vs Union of India (1999): The court directed the government to constitute a Medical Council of India to regulate medical education in the country.
Sarbananda Sonowal vs Union of India (2005): The court declared the Illegal Migrants (Determination by Tribunal) Act, 1983 as unconstitutional.